There are ten races available in Oblivion. No race has an attribute that begins at less than 30, most are at 40, and a couple are at 50. Consequently, there are a couple of ways that you can look at it with the end result being a glass half-full or half-empty sort of thing. We can assume that all races start with all attributes at 30 and then each race has greater or lesser bonuses to some attributes, or we can assume that all races start with attributes at 40 and then have either bonuses or penalties to some attributes. Alternatively, we can be truly pessimistic and assume that everyone starts with all stats at 50 and then has greater or lesser penalties to some stats. I tend toward the middle explanation, but you're free to look at it any way you'd like as the end result comes out the same. Additionally, all races have special abilities and skill bonuses. Here are the stats, skills and special abilities of each race. Clicking the link will open a new window, so make sure that your pop-up blocker is turned off.